The 3D nephron model includes a simplified representation of this major structural and functional unit of the human kidney. Individually grouped vessels and tubules make for easy access and manipulation.
The 3D nephron model serves as an important tool in understanding kidney function and blood filtration. A simplified and somewhat schematic representation such as this one makes a very complex structural unit in nature readily understandable in the classroom. Features of this model include: supporting artery and vein, afferent and efferent arteriole leading to glomerulus contained within Bowman's capsule, convoluted tubules, Henle's loop, and the collecting duct leading to the renal pelvis. Understanding the nephron structure of the kidney is key to understanding the basics of blood filtration and urine formation.